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Scholarly Communication

What the experts and stakeholders say:

What the faculties say:

  • Harvard University. Feb. 12, 2008.
    • The Faculty of Arts and Sciences ... adopts the following policy: Each Faculty member grants to the President and Fellows of Harvard College permission to make available his or her scholarly articles and to exercise the copyright in those articles. In legal terms, the permission granted by each Faculty member is a nonexclusive, irrevocable, paid-up, worldwide license to exercise any and all rights under copyright relating to each of his or her scholarly articles, in any medium, and to authorize others to do the same, provided that the articles are not sold for a profit.
    • Fulltext of the motion is on page 3.
  • A group of important Frence research institutions (CEMAGREF, CIRAD, CNRS, INRA, INRIA, InSERM, IRD, and the Pasteur Institute) agreed to use HAL (Hyper Article on Line) for their OA archiving. Some already required OA archiving for their research output (INRA) and some strongly recommended it (CNRS, INRIA, InSERM). October 11, 2006.
  • Open letter to the Higher Education Community from 25 university provosts regarding the Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006 (FRPAA). Published July 28, 2006.
    • Provosts strongly back the bill and encourage higher enducation to prepare for a new way of disseminating research findings.
  • CaseWestern Reserve University. Faculty Senate.
    • Report of Faculty Senate Library Committee to Faculty Senate. Adopted April 25, 2005.
    • "Be it resolved that the Faculty Senate urges the University and its members to....post their work prior to publication in an open digital archive and....to post their published work in a timely fashion and provide institutional support to those seeking to do so."
  • Columbia University. University Senate.
    • Resolution Concerning "Open Access." Proposed April 1, passed April 4, 2005.
    • Supports the “principle of open access to the fruits of scholarly research.”
    • Urges “the scholars of Columbia University to play a part in these open-access endeavors in their various capacities as authors, readers, editors, referees, and members of scientific boards and learned associations etc., (a) by encouraging and collaborating with publishers’ efforts to advance open access, (b) by retaining intellectual property rights in their own work where this will help it become more widely available, and (c) by remaining alert to efforts by publishers to impose barriers on access to the fruits of scholarly research.
  • Cornell University. Faculty Senate.
    • Cornell University DSpace Repository. May 11, 2005.
    • This resolution "urges tenured faculty to cease supporting publishers who engage in exorbitant pricing, by not submitting papers to, or refereeing the journals sold by those publishers, and by resigning from their editorial boards if more reasonable pricing policies are not forthcoming."
  • Harvard University. Faculty Council.
    • From the Harvard Crimson report on "yesterday’s meeting of the Faculty Council --the highest governing body of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences". April 27. 2006.
    • Welch Professor of Computer Science Stuart M. Shieber ’81 made a presentation to the Council about reducing the cost of providing scholarly publications in the Harvard libraries.
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). MIT Libraries.
    • MIT Copyright Amendment Form (Amendment to Publication Agreement)
    • Developed at MIT, this amendment is a tool authors can use to retain rights when assigning copyright to a publisher. It will enable authors to continue using their publications in their academic work at MIT, to deposit them into the MIT Libraries' DSpace repository, and to deposit any NIH-funded manuscripts on the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central database.
    • Instituting Change. Editorial by Hemai Parthasarathy, Managing Editor of PLoS Biology. Published June 13, 2006.
  • Oregon State University. Faculty Senate.
    • Resolution Endorsing Open Access. In OSU This Week for May 19, 2005.
    • The Scholarly Communications Task Force at Oregon State University submitted a resolution endorsing open access to the Faculty Senate.
    • "For years, the problem of the escalating costs of serials was protested by the library community," said task force member Ken Winograd of the College of Education. "It is only in the past several years that professors and researchers have come to understand that this is a problem for the whole university. At stake is the open and affordable access to knowledge as well as the question of ownership."
  • Scotland. 16 Universities.
    • Open Access Team for Scotland (OATS). March, 14, 2005.
    • 16 university heads in Scotland concluded a Scottish declaration on open access, committing their institutions to setting up online libraries of research papers that all academics can access.
  • Stanford University. Academic Senate.
    • Motion Re: Reaction to the Serials Crisis. Feb. 19, 2004.
    • “Faculty, especially senior faculty, are strongly encouraged in the future not to contribute articles or editorial review efforts to publishers and journals that engage in exploitative or exorbitant pricing, and instead look to more reasonably priced vehicles for disseminating their search results.”
  • University of California, Berkeley. Academic Senate.
  • University of California. Assembly of the Academic Senate Council.
    • Letter to the Faculty Oct. 15, 2003.
    • “The UC Libraries devote about a third - $20M – of their UC library materials expenditures to these publisher journal packages. Because of the UC budget constraints and the need to support other high quality publications, the UC libraries may be unable to renew one or more of these system-wide journal contracts this year or next.”
  • University of Iowa. Grad Student Senate.
    • SPARC Open Access Forum on Behalf of Peter Suber. Sent: Friday, April 07, 2006.
    • The University of Iowa's Graduate Student Senate unanimously passed a resolution on scholarly publishing on March 22, 2006. This may possibly be a first for research universities.
    • The University of Iowa Graduate Student Senate supports the University of Iowa Faculty Senate in their resolution of November 29, 2005, on Scholarly Publishing.
    • The resolution refers to and supports a UI faculty resolution on scholarly publishing that was recently passed and can be viewed here.
  • University of Kansas. Faculty Senate.
    • Faculty Senate Resolution and Memo on Access to Scholarly Information March 10, 2005.
    • Faculty Senate Resolution calls for:
      • Negotiating to permit deposition of all articles in peer-reviewed journals into KU’s institutional repository (all faculty).
      • Supporting journals/publishers with responsible pricing/access policies, through choices of where to publish, allotment of time to refereeing, and participation in editorial posts (esp. tenured faculty).
    • Provost David E. Shulenburger's memorandum endorsing the Faculty Senate Resolution March 25, 2005.
    • Details and emphasizes importance of the University of Kansas institutional repository, KU ScholarWorks.
    • Explains how to negotiate to permit deposition of all articles in peer-reviewed journals into KU’s institutional repository.
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Faculty Council.
    • Resolutions in Support of Open Access. Adopted March 4, 2005.
    • “to the extent permitted by law, UNC-CH faculty are the owners of their research and should retain ownership, or use other means to foster open access publication wherever possible.
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison. Faculty Senate.
    • Resolution in Support of Accessible Scholarly and Scientific Publications. Adopted March 7, 2005.
    • "The University of Wisconsin-Madison Faculty Senate supports and encourages the efforts of the campus libraries to control the cost of journals while maintaining high-quality research collections, and urges both the library and faculty to support alternatives to commercial ownership and management of scholarly and scientific publication."
  • University of Zurick.
    • The University of Zurich has just registered its Institutional Self-Archiving Policy. The 14th institution with a policy, Zurich is the 4th (after Southampton, Queensland University of Technology, and CERN) with a mandate rather than merely a recommendation. This is also the second mandate in a Swiss institution.
    • "Based on the Berlin Declaration (Berlin, October 2003) and the Berlin 3 Open Access recommendations (Southampton, March 2005) the University of Zurich has decided to:
      • require their researchers to deposit a copy of all their
        published and refereed articles in the Institutional Repository
        of the University of Zurich, if there are no legal objections
      • encourage and support their authors to publish their research
        articles in open access journals where a suitable journals exists
        and provide the support to enable that to happen."

For additional information please contact Kimberly Douglas, University Librarian, at kdouglas AT library.caltech.edu.

Last updated: June 12, 2009 12:07 .